# - Auto CAD Tutorial 2010 -

## 2.5 - OPEN THE HATCH AND FILL IT

 LESSON 2-1 PLANNING A PROJECT - OFFICE FLOOR PLAN LESSON 2-2 INTRODUCTION TO BLOCKS - CREATING AND INSERTING LESSON 2-3 ALIGN AND ROTATE LESSON 2-4 ATTRIBUTES - NON-GRAPHICAL INFORMATION LESSON 2-5 HATCHING - FILLING AREAS LESSON 2-6 WORKING WITH TEXT LESSON 2-7 POLYLINES LESSON 2-8 LAYOUT TABS LESSON 2-9 PARAMETRIC CONSTRAINTS LESSON 2-10 ELEVATION DRAWINGS

# Topics covered in this Lesson:

#### Hatch, Solid

Hatching in AutoCAD is a way of filling in areas of your drawing with a pre-formatted pattern to represent certain materials. It is usually used in sectional views. Starting with AutoCAD release 14, you can use a solid fill to completely fill in areas such as walls in a floor plan.

 Command Keystroke Icon Location Result Boundary Hatch Bhatch / H Home > Draw > Hatch Covers an area with a predefined pattern Hatch Edit HatchEdit / HE Home > Modify > Edit Hatch Edits an existing Hatch Solid Solid / SO None None Creates a solid filled shape

Draw a rectangle 10" by 10" and put a circle with 2" radius in the middle of it (remember the M2P OSnap?).

Start the Boundary Hatch by typing H <ENTER> . When you start the command, you will see this dialog box appear:

As usual, start at the top of the dialog box and work your way down. We're going to say that this is a cross section of piece of steel, so choose the predefined Hatch pattern called STEEL.

Now you want to pick the area to be hatched. Pick somewhere inside the rectangle, but outside of the circle and press <ENTER>.

Set the scale of the hatch to 6. This is just a number that works for this object. A larger number will make the hatch bigger (maybe so big you won't see it) and a smaller number can make the hatch so dense that it looks solid (try different numbers later to see if I'm wrong).

Make this "Associative" - this means that if you adjust the rectangle or circle, the hatch will automatically correct itself to the new boundary.

Finally, hit the Preview button to see if this is what you are after, it should match the image below.

Note that AutoCAD recognized the circle in the middle and didn't hatch over it. If the lines appear 'jagged', don't worry - it is a video display issue -the prints will come out clean and straight.

If you want to edit the hatch, the easiest way is to just double-click on it. (If you can't double-click on it, type in HE <ENTER>). This will bring up the same dialog box (almost) that you just used to create the hatch. Try different settings in the Hatch Edit dialog box and preview the results.

To see what "Hatch Association" is, pick on the rectangle (be careful not to select the hatch) and you'll see 4 squares appear on the corners. Click and drag one of the corners and release it. If you hatch is associative, it will update to the new shape.

TIPS:
For monochrome printing: If you are using a solid hatch, make the hatch WHITE so that it will print out as a solid black, any other color could appear gray (with lines) when printed.

If you have one hatch area drawn and want it to match the hatch of another, use the "Inherit Properties" button on the Hatch Edit dialog box. Try this by creating 2 different hatch styles in different objects.

In recent versions of AutoCAD, you can add a 2 color gradient to an object. Look for the "Gradient" tab at the top of the Hatch dialog boxes. Below is a sample of a really basic 2D 'rendering' using this method. Pick on the gradient tab of the hatch dialog box.

You can create custom hatch patterns, or find custom ones available on the internet. Another site offers some free ones as well as extensive collections for sale.

Hatches can be exploded - but be VERY careful if you do this. In fact, don't explode hatch patterns unless you really need to as you will get 100's of lines instead of 1 hatch.

There is a setting in the Options dialog box under the drafting tab that allows you to turn on or off the ability to snap to hatch objects. Off is the default.

## Solid

Here is another command that can sometimes be easier than the hatch. Solid allows you draw an solid filled object like you would a Line. For this example, draw a rectangle of any size. Start the SOLID command. Pick 3 corners of the rectangle and press Enter. You should end up with something like this:

Extra Practice: Complete this drawing and copy the gradient hatches shown in this image.

Extra Practice: Draw this shape and hatch each possible section. It could look something like this when it is done (check that you hatched all areas and the scale is correct.

Bonus Practice: Here's a real world example to practice many of the skill that you have learned so far (including hatching). Duplicate this drawing from the National Forest Service.